What triggers asthma and how to cope with it?

Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames the airways. Chronic diseases can be defined as a medical situation where one can control the disease with treatment for months. Often the chronic disease does not have a cure but with proper medication and change in lifestyle, one can live with them and manage their symptoms.

Medically, asthma is a medical condition in which the airways of the sufferers narrow down or swell while producing extra mucus. Hence, as a result, normal respiration becomes difficult and triggers coughing, whizzing or shortness of breath. The condition and effect of asthma differ from person to person, for some it can be a minor nuisance while others might face some major problems that could disturb their daily activities and could be life-threatening as well.  People who are prone to allergy has higher chances of getting asthma issues as they have hyper-reactivity to certain allergens like dust, pollen, pets or change in weather. It has been believed that when the asthma patient comes in contact with triggered element, the airways narrow down resulting in twitch of muscles, swelling of mucosal membrane and inflammation which signals asthma attack.

Medical researchers don’t have enough knowledge which can explain the main cause of the long-term inflammatory disease of the airways. The symptoms vary in most of the cases and therefore it is important to know about the possible triggers to asthma. Here are some of the most common triggers which lead to an asthma attack in sufferers.


Infections such as flu and cold can trigger the asthma attack. The patient must prevent themselves from such upper airways infection and should keep themselves mentally prepared to deal with the attack.

Airborne irritants

Elements like dust particles, cigarette smoke, pollution, and fumes are categorized as airborne irritants. These irritants can trigger asthma among the patients and therefore, the sufferers must make it a habit to use mask or avoid getting into polluted areas to prevent the attack.

 Variation in emotions

Too much stress or laughter can trigger an asthma attack. The sufferers must keep it in mind and ensure they stay calm and stress-free to avoid sudden attack due to intense emotions.

 Use of additives in food

Food additives are being used to improve the quality or to preserve food for longer time, but consumption of such food could trigger the chances of asthma as they are composed of sulphites and tartrazines.

 Intake of alcoholic beverages

Some people might be allergic to alcohol or certain ingredient or composition of it, and as a result consumption of alcohol may trigger asthma in some cases. If it triggers attack avoid consuming alcohol for stable health condition.


Fragrances of scented candles, air fresheners, perfumes, and other aromatic substance might irritate the airway of the patient while enhancing the allergic condition and increasing the chances of an attack.

Weather conditions

Sudden change in temperature and weather condition likes wind flow, cold air, rain or thunderstorms can trigger the asthma attack.

However, only analyzing the trigger doesn’t provide the right solution to deal with. One must connect with an experienced medical expert and should take prescribed medication to keep the condition stable.

News Reporter
Greg Jones: Greg's blog posts are known for their clear and concise coverage of economic and financial news. With a background as a financial journalist, he offers readers valuable insights into the complexities of the global economy.